Updated: January 16, 2024
Modern carpentry, as well as architectural design, have a previously unseen variety of choices when it comes to each architectural element you desire to be included in your house design. However, a window is undoubtedly the single most versatile element and its importance to your everyday dwelling.
Its standard functions include providing light and ventilation, but some are designed to be decorative, to offer panoramic views, to work as a patio door leading to your backyard’s poolside and landscaping, and plenty more. That said, read along to learn some of the most common house window types and names.
Common Window Types
Double or Single-Hung Windows
In architectural design, these are the most commonly used types of windows. Everyone is familiar with them and most homes have at least a couple of these installed.
Single-hung windows are called that because they consist of sliding or rotating lower sash, while the upper window area is a fixed panel of glass.
Their double-hung counterparts have two movable sashes instead of one movable and one fixed glass panel. Double-hung windows are a more convenient option, as they are much easier to clean and offer greater air flow.
These simple, yet beautiful windows have no complex mechanical or construction parts; their simplicity is a great and often very cheap choice for your home. They contribute a great deal in offering amazing views with often customizable frame width and provide ventilation in abundance.
However, in comparison to casement windows (3), they do not seal as tightly and might require additional security in case of a non-stable climate. If your home is within the hurricane-ridden areas, learn more about the importance of securing your sliding windows.
These pivoting windows open towards the outside and have large, continual glass areas without extra framing other than the actual glass-holding frames. Once you close and lock these, they become highly energy-efficient, minimizing the unwanted air and heat flow, whether it comes from the outside’s high temperatures or the heat trying to escape your home.
The American architects enjoy using bay windows to add breaks into your home’s façade and make it more picturesque. Through these, light can enter your home’s interior at any part of the day and at any angle, and they can be opened for additional ventilation, normally for kitchens and dining rooms.
If the location of your home is heavily impacted by heat throughout the day, these are a perfect, cheap choice, especially if no extra air conditioning is necessary. These are made of glass panels with extra metal clips, designed to open and close together, giving the desired amount of air flow, yet limiting the views. It is important to mention that these are not as secure as most types of windows.
Panorama (Picture) Windows
Two words: everyone’s favorites. Even though these are normally fully fixed, non-opening, and thus providing no extra air flow, these occupy large portions of walls, effectively creating a picturesque, utterly enjoyable view.
These are particularly loved in areas with astonishing nature and no specific concerns about homeowners’ privacy. The leaking of air is minimal; however, these might cause a great loss (or gain) of heat in comparison to a well-insulated wall, but this can be fixed with energy-efficient panes.
Many types of windows architecture contribute to great versatility in home design and dwelling quality. The choice is all yours, but it is vital to make choices while being well-informed. Feel free to explore other different window types and learn how to secure them on our blog.